19 Fun Facts About Equatorial Guinea For Adventurer Seekers

equatorial guinea fun facts featured image

Equatorial Guinea is a tiny West African country known for its magnificent hills, stargazing beaches and coastal plains. It comprises five islands that are perfect for any adventurous traveler.

I’ve rounded up some of the most unique fun facts that surprise many travelers.

1. The Smallest Country Within The United Nations

By comparing the land area of all countries in Africa, Equatorial Guinea is the smallest among all in the United Nations, joining on the 12th of November, 1968. 

2. Equatorial Guinea Recently Built A New Capital City

The previous capital city was Malabo, in Bioko Norte province, but the country’s government built a new capital city called Oyala and in the Wele-Nzas province, and officially made the shift in 2017.

This was done for security purposes. The previous capital city is located on an island and was at risk of government overthrow, while the new “city of the future” is located in the rainforest and is located close to Gabon.

3. One Of The Smallest Yet Richest Countries in Africa

The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Equatorial Guinea is around $12.27 billion, as of 2021, and it is among the largest oil producers in Africa. The GDP per capita in this country is around $38,699, which is exceptional, although a third of people still live below the poverty line. 

4. The President Has Been Serving The Country Since 1979

There have been more than 12 attempts to overthrow President Teodoro Obiang, but he has stood strong since 1979. His son is now the Vice President, with significant power via both the head of state and government. 

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Many believe that the elections in the country are fraudulent, often comparing his tenure to a dictatorship. 

5. The Only African Country To Have Spanish As Its Official Language

Equatorial Guinea has witnessed the footfall of Spanish colonies twice on varying occasions. Spanish people lived here from 1778 to 1810 and from 1844 to 1968.

This influence was long and left a deep impact on the country, most notable with their language. More than 67.6% of the population can speak Spanish fluently. 

6. A High Literacy Rate To Be Proud Of

The adult literacy rate of Equatorial Guinea is the highest in all of the sub-Saharan regions of Africa. With around 1.4 million people, UNESCO claims an average literacy rate of 98% for 15 to 24 years old. 

7. Equatorial Guinea Shares Borders with Two Different Countries

The mainland territory of Equatorial Guinea is bordered by the countries Gabon to the East and South and Cameroon to the North. 

8. Pico Basile, The Tallest Mountain Peak of Equatorial Guinea

Pico Basile is located on the island of Bloko and is the highest peak at 3,011 meters.

Pico Basile

While it looks unassuming, it’s also an active volcano that last erupted in 1923. 

9. World’s Largest Frog Is Found in Equatorial Guinea

Equatorial Guinea is home to the Goliath Frog, which can grow up to 13 inches or 34 cm. These frogs can weigh up to 3.3kgs and can build their ponds with the use of heavy rocks. 

10. Equatorial Guinea Witnesses No Daylight Saving

There are no daylight savings in Equatorial Guinea as the day and night cycle remains the same throughout the year. 

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11. Football Is Most Popular Sport In The Country

Like most African countries, Equatorial Guinea people love football. However, the country’s football team has experienced limited success at international levels and has never qualified for the FIFA world cup. 

12. No UNESCO World Heritage Sites Within The Country

Despite its beauty, UNESCO hasn’t listed any world heritage sites and doesn’t even plan for any such site in its tentative list. It is 1 of the 27 countries to have no heritage sites. 

13. Silk-Cotton Tree is the National Symbol

Equatorial Guinea has a unique national symbol, which represents a silk-cotton tree.

Equatorial Guinea flag

Locals believe that a silk-cotton tree resembles God’s tree and signifies where Portuguese and local rulers signed their first treaty. 

14. One Of The Lowest Life Expectancies In The World

As of 2022, the average life expectancy of people in Equatorial Guinea is 59.8 years, landing 10th on the list.

15. It’s Hot, Humid and Harsh

Equatorial Guinea has a tropical, humid and hot climate throughout the year, with minimal temperature variation. You can certainly leave those trousers at home. 

16. Beaches. Beaches Everywhere!

The country has large coastal plains extending to sandy beaches and magnificent hills. You won’t be tripping over crowds here!

17. They Grow And Export Almost Everything

Equatorial Guinea grows coffee, yams, rice, rears, timber, cocoa, timber, and livestock. The coffee is incredible and is exported to various parts of the world.

The thriving industries of Equatorial Guinea are fishing, natural gas, sawmilling and petroleum. The economic flow of the country is also improved by exporting cacao, timber and methanol. 

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18. The National Dish Of Equatorial Guinea Is Succotash

Succotash is a very popular dish that is cooked with vegetables, lima beans, herbs, and butter, and gets my vegetarian tick of approval!

A dish of Succotash

This national dish is simply delicious.

19. A Large Chunk Of Equatorial Guinea’s Population Lives in Poverty

Despite the strong economy and numerous profitable industries, wealth in the country is still concentrated among a fortunate few. While a third live below the poverty line, many are living paycheck to paycheck.

Joshua Smith

Joshua has visited 10 countries and has another 110 to go! He plans to sail around the world over 5 years, and then spend the next 5 years driving around the world in a 4×4. He prefers to explore the more remote places without the tourists, and yet, doesn’t mind the ritzy feel of business class at 10,000 feet either.

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